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Wow, are there a lot of weird and wonderful musical instrument out there. We've compiled a great list along with short descriptions. Check it out...

Below you will find a large number of musical instrument descriptions; while making use of these descriptions, please be aware that there are usually many variations and spellings of most of these instruments. We have attempted to cross-referenced many of these, but still, any suggestions or corrections are welcomed!


Note: We do not stock all of the instruments below, many, but not all. The purpose of the list is informational!

T - Z

Tabla - NB Egyptian: single headed, hour glass-shaped drum.


Tabla - (or tabla,bayan) NB Indian: an asymmetrical pair of small, tuned hand played drums (of the kettle, drum type) of north and central India, Pakistan and Bangladesh; the tabla drum is of wood, the Bayan of metal.


Tabor - Double headed rope tension drum from England, often played one handed with a 3 hole Tabor Pipe in the other hand.


Tambora/Tanbora - Double-headed drum of the Dominican Republic. Used to play merengue rhythm.


Tamborim - Handheld drum of Brazil, between 15 and 30 cm diameter; played with a switch.


Tambura - Long-necked fretted lute from Bulgaria, especially seen in Pirin. Has 2, 3, 6, 8 or 12 metal strings, 6 strings in 3 pairs is a common variety. Similar to the Greek Baglama.


Tambutica - Plucked lute of Yugoslavia; wire strings; several sound holes.


Tamburitza - Main instrument of Slavonic music; an instrument of the Tanbur lute family, which originally came from Asia.


Tanbur - Name applied to various long-necked lutes of the Middle East and Cantrla Asia.


Tanpura - Long-necked ancient lute of India; four strings; provides the reference point for melodic improvisations by performers of the other instruments.


Tantan - Brazilian drum.


Tapan - Double-headed drum 50 to 60cm diameter, rope strung. Found in Bulgaria.


Tarambuka - Bulgarian clay drum, similar to the Turkish and Arabic Darabuka.


Tarkas - Wooden flute with mouthpiece.


Tarogato - Woodwind instrument with a reed, similar to an oboe; dark, penetrating tone.


Thavil - Two-headed drum originating from Southern India; for festivals.


Thumb-Piano - See Kalimba


Tilinca - A Romanian flute without finger holes.


Timba - Tall tapered Brazilian drum.


Timbales - Pair of metal-shelled, single-headed, cylindrical drums.


Tin Whistle - See Flageolet


Tiple - In Spain, Colombia, Puerto Rico, etc., a small type of guitar; 12 metal strings.


To'ere - Tahitian slit log drum; hollowed out trunk of tou wood, struck with a wooden beater; the larger the instrument, the deeper the sound.


Tonback - Skin drum used in Iranian classical music; carved from wood, open at the lower end, covered with goat or calf at the wider, upper end; played with the fingers of both hands.


Tres - Type of guitar with 3 single or double courses of strings. Found in Cuba.


Trombita - Large horn, similar to the alpenhorn.


Tulum - Bagpipe of Turkey and Azerbaijan.


Tzeze - A simple stick zither from Uganda


Tzoura - Greek 6 string long necked lute, similar to, but smaller than a bouzouki, the middle one out of the Baglama, Tzoura, Bouzouki family.


Ud - (also spelt aud or oud)


Udu Drum - Clay pot with 2 holes, cupped alternatively; sound produced by compression and release of the air inside it.


Uilleann Pipes - See union pipe; ('Uilleann' is Gaelic for elbow)


Ukulele - (or Ukelele) Small guitar shaped instrument of Hawaiian origin, 4 nylon strings.


Uli-Uli - Hawaiian maracas.


Union Pipe - Type of bellows blown bagpipe known in Ireland from 18th century. See Uilleann Pipes. Has a conical chanter which has a two octave range, 3 drones, and 3 keyed chanters known as regulators.


Vibraphone - Of the bar percussion family; metal; similar in appearance to the xylophone.


Vielle - French name for the Hurdy Gurdy, a mechanical development of the violin (also once known as a Vielle) with the strings vibrated by a wheel, and keys stopping the strings. See also Hurdy-Gurdy and Nyckelharpa.


Vihuela - Plucked chordophone of the guitar family. Now popular in Central America, it is very similar to the Spanish renaissance vihuela.


Viola - 2nd in line within the "string" instrument family. Has four strings tuned in 5ths to CGDA


Violin - Highest pitched instrument within the "string" instrument family. Has four strings tuned in 5ths to GDAE


Walaycho - Small-brother of the charango


Whistle - An end blown flute with a fipple, all kinds exist around the world. See flageolet.


Wuankara - Chinese bamboo pipe.


Yang Qin - Chinese hammered dulcimer; came into China from Persia in the 17th century and now regarded as a Chinese national instrument. (See Hammered Dulcimer)


Zampoña - A series of (usually) bamboo tubes, each of a slightly greater length from the others, arranged in a scale and played by blowing air over one edge of one tube. Also Panpipe.


Zampogna - Italian bagpipe with 2 drones and 2 conical chanters, all in one stock.


Zither - The family name of all instruments which have strings stretched across a box. Popular in central Europe. In addition to the melody strings, the Concert Zither has a guitar type fretboard, some models have strings grouped together in chords.


Zurna - Another name for shawm; folk oboe of the Arab world.

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